A full-time lawyer hired by federal courts to legally defend defendants who cannot afford a lawyer. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Counsel Programme in accordance with criminal law. The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by statute. Governmental body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court read the pleadings.” All shares of ownership of the debtor at the time of bankruptcy. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor`s assets. In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that an accused receives a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens liberty or property.
Bail – security for the release of an accused or witness in pre-trial detention (usually in the form of money) to ensure his or her appearance on the agreed day and time. An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases. Common Law – The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions and not on laws passed by the legislature. Legal, legal, legitimate, legal means complying with the law.
Licite may apply to conformity with laws of any kind (e.g., natural, divine, general, or canonical). The legal sovereign right applies to what is sanctioned by law or in accordance with the law, especially if it is written or administered by the courts. Legal residents of the state may legitimately refer to a legal right or status, but also, in the case of extensive use, to a right or status supported by tradition, custom or accepted norms. A perfectly legitimate question about tax legality concerns strict compliance with legal provisions and applies in particular to what is regulated by law. Legal drug use by doctors Discovery – pre-trial bar examination of facts and documents in the possession of opponents to help lawyers prepare for trial. An oral statement before an official legally authorized to take an oath. Such statements are often made to hear potential witnesses, to make a discovery, or to be used later in the trial. See Discovery. tort – A civil injustice or breach of duty to another person, as determined by law. A very common crime is the negligent operation of a motor vehicle, which results in property damage and bodily injury in a car accident.
A form of discovery that consists of written questions that must be answered in writing and under oath. Anglo-French, from Latin legalis, from leg-, lex law Decision of a court in an earlier case with facts and points of law similar to a dispute currently pending before a court. Judges generally “follow precedents,” that is, they use principles established in previous cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was ill-decided or that it differs significantly from the current case. habeas corpus – A brief often used to bring a prisoner to court to determine the lawfulness of his detention. A detainee who wishes to argue that there are insufficient grounds for detention would file an application for habeas corpus. It can also be used to detain a person in court in order to testify or be prosecuted. A written statement filed in court or an appeal that explains a party`s legal and factual arguments. The function of the federal courts that takes place at the beginning of criminal proceedings – after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before they appear in court.
Pre-Investigation Service officials are focusing on investigating the background of these individuals in order to assist the court in deciding whether to release or detain them pending trial. The decision is based on the likelihood that these individuals will flee or pose a threat to the community. If the court orders release, a pre-trial officer supervises the person in the community until the person returns to court. A complete collection of all documents submitted to the court in a case. The study of the law and the structure of the legal system in relation to civil actions in “equity” and not in “law”. In English legal history, courts of “law” could order the payment of damages and could offer no other remedy (see damages). A separate “fairness” tribunal could order someone to do something or stop something (e.g., injunction). In U.S.
jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is always important.